Clan Broun Society
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      This was sponsored by the Scottish Society of Middle Tennessee and kind of reword it!!

Let me know if I can help send any other info.

      Warm Fellowship Inside At Recent Burns' Dinner Despite a potentially snowy evening, the Robert Burns Dinner was filled with Scots celebrating the poet's birthday. A thank you to Tommy McEwen for addressing the haggis. This year the haggis was purchased from Caledonia Kitchens and was in a presentation sac. SSMT thanks Lord & Lady Montgomerie, Mr. & Mrs. Don Robinson, & Commander & Mrs. John Glynn for donating funds towards the purchase of the haggis. Also we would like to think the Scottish Society of Middle Tennessee for sponsoring the Burns' Dinner this year.

      Thanks also to: the members of the Tennessee Scots Pipe Band, The Nashville Hamilton Scottish Country Dancers, and the Glengarry Highland Dancers (and their parents), Iain Macphearson, Bill Hodge and Margy Bredemann for their presentation of songs by Robert Burns and Steve Snoddy for piping in the haggis and Flowers of the Forest. A good time was had by all.

From: Mae Ambrose
To: Fay Brown

Family Tree DNA

FTDNA DYS markers We provide the actual scientific Allele values and DYS #'s for your results unless the markers were discovered at the University of Arizona and do not have a publication schedule. When that situation occurs we provide your results in "scores" to allow us to use the marker without compromising the discoverer until publication dates have been established.
We are pleased to report your results below:
Understanding your results.

PANEL 1 (1-12)
Locus 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
DYS# 393 390 19* 391 385a 385b 426 388 439 389-1 392 389-2
Alleles 14 25 14 11 11 14 12 12 12 13 14 30

PANEL 2 (13-25)
Locus 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
DYS# 458 459a 459b 455 454 447 437 448 449 464a** 464b** 464c** 464d**
Alleles 17 9 10 11 11 26 15 19 30 15 15 16 17

PANEL 3 (26-37)
Locus 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37
DYS# 460 GATA H4 YCA II a YCA II b 456 607 576 570 CDY a CDY b 442 438
Alleles 11 10 19 24 16 15 17 18 38 38 12 11

PANEL 4 (38 - 47)
Locus 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47
DYS# 531 578 395S1a 395S1b 590 537 641 472 406S1 511
Alleles 11 9 15 16 8 10 10 8 10 9

PANEL 4 (48 - 60)
Locus 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60
DYS# 425 413a 413b 557 594 436 490 534 450 444 481 520 446
Alleles 12 23 23 17 10 12 12 13 8 13 22 20 12

PANEL 4 (61 - 67)
Locus 61 62 63 64 65 66 67
DYS# 617 568 487 572 640 492 565
Alleles 12 11 13 11 11 13 12

*Also known as DYS 394
**On 5/19/2003, these values were adjusted down by 1 point because of a change in Lab nomenclature.
***A value of “0” for any marker indicates that the lab reported a null value or no result for this marker. All cases of this nature are retested multiple times by the lab to confirm their accuracy. Mutations causing null values are infrequent, but are passed on to offspring just like other mutations, so related male lineages such as a father and son would likely share any null values.

Understanding your 12 markers

Enclosed you will find a Certificate showing that you have had your Y chromosome DNA analyzed by Family Tree DNA. The results represent your actual allele positions for 12 locations on the Y chromosome, and are listed on your Certificate. These alleles can be directly compared with other lab results.

These results can be compared to individuals to see how closely or distantly you may have shared that common ancestor. The rate of mutational change is estimated to be approximately 1 change per 500 generations for these loci; however that estimate is currently the subject of scholarly debate. We have noticed during the past 18 months that some of these markers seem to vary faster for some individuals and even families. We expect that in the months to come we will be able to provide mutation rates on a per location basis rather than the current general estimate provided by specialists in this area. Plan on revisiting our web site for information pertaining to this evolving statistic. Since your test used 12 different loci, it is reasonable to expect a change to occur every 40 or so generations; however, these changes happen randomly and therefore can actually happen at any time.

Specifically for genealogists, if you match another person exactly you have a 99.9% likelihood of sharing a common ancestor with that person. This individual is described scientifically as the Most Recent Common Ancestor (MRCA). Population geneticists then apply a term known as the Most Likely Estimate (MLE) of when your T (time to the) MRCA would have lived, however, that is an estimate and in each individual case t he actual generation could be nearer o r further from the person tested. For the purposes of scientific discussion, our population geneticist feels that 25 years best expresses a typical generation prior to the Dark Ages and 25 to 30 years per generation for the period thereafter.

0.070 0.060 0.050 0.040 0.030 0.020 0.010 0.000
Time (in Generations)

Since we are all related to one another if we go back far enough in time, it is important to only consider very close matches when we are using DNA to resolve genealogical questions. We have supplied you with both a graph and a chart to help you better understand the information given.

The Graph: In each case a common ancestor is shared between two individuals. In the case of 12/12 (a perfect match) the common ancestor is considerably more recent. For that reason, many people who share a surname will share a perfect match. Many surnames are much older than a few hundred years and two people may share a surname but only match 11/12 or even 10/12. In these cases, as the graph shows, the MLE of when their MRCA lived could be much further back in time. Translation: you are related but probably much more distantly. Please remember that due to the general scientific estimate of the change rate of the various locations of the Y chromosome this is not a precise science.

Because these mutations rates may vary between families we provide a conservative estimate. While this may not be as satisfying it tends to error on the side of producing false negatives rather then the opposite. The science of DNA and genealogy is quite new and has been adapted from Anthropology where the MRCA is allowed to be more 'flexible'.

You are probably focusing on 'when' the MRCA actually lived. We have provided a table on the next page to help you better understand this scientific issue. The table, along with additional information available at our web site tells you, with statistical likelihood, the generation when your MRCA would have lived. For example if two people matched exactly, there is a 50% probability that the MRCA was no longer than 14.5 generations ago and a 90% probability that the MRCA was no longer than 48 generation ago.

In the future, we hope to be able to bring forth examples of individuals related to famous persons in history so that researchers will be able to compare themselves. At that time we will begin to list those historical figures and their alleles on our web site for your comparison.

Bruce Walsh, Ph.D., noted population geneticist from the University of Arizona provides us with this information. An expert on population genetics and statistical applications and co-author of one of the leading texts in this area, Dr. Walsh sits on the Family Tree DNA advisory board. His calculations are the basis for most discussions on the subject of DNA and the Time to the MRCA for genealogy today. A more extensive list of calculations is available on our web site, as are additional graphs for your benefit.

12 of 12 14.5 48 62.4
11 of 12 36.5 84.7 103.4
10 of 12 61 122 144

It would be most useful to start by defining some terms. Point Mutation a change in a single base pair.
STR (Short Tandem Repeat) A region of repetitive DNA with short units of repetition (2 to 6 basis).
TMRCA this term used by population geneticists indicates the Time to the Most Recent Common Ancestor shared with another person.
Locus (plural-loci) a specific spot in the genome. A variable locus will have several possible alleles.

Gene the functional and physical unit of heredity passed from parent to offspring Y-DNA non-recombining DNA determines whether a child -will be a male or female. Y-DNA passes from father to son almost unaltered for long periods of time.
Chromosomes are bundles of tightly coiled DNA. Humans have 23 paired chromosomes (22 pairs of autosomes and a single pair of sex chromosomes). A single chromosome of each pair is passed from each parent to child
Modal comes from the statistical term Mode, which means the value at which an absolute or maximum occurs in the frequency distribution of the variate.
Genotype the actual alleles present in an individual.
Haplotype is a genotype of genetically linked loci that are inherited in a block as a single unit.

Modal Haplotype (MH) Definition: any person who exactly matches the alleles found to be most common (Modal) among the descendants of a person. A person who matches 11 aIleles while being 1 aIlele off in only 1 locus will b e considered to be in the haplogroup, rather than in the family haplotype.

On your certificate, we have listed 12 of the loci that are utilized by the University of Arizona to determine the degree of relatedness, in both genealogical and anthropological terms, of diverse populations. Michael Hammer, Ph.D., who sits on the Family Tree DNA Advisory Board, oversees this work as the director of the Genomic Analysis & Technology Core (GATC) facility. Dr. Hammer also has appointment to the Department of Anthropology and the Department of Ecology. He co-authored the first paper showing that present day 'Cohanim' are descended from a single male ancestor and is the discoverer of the YAP marker on the Y-chromosome commonly used in population studies today.

Resolution: Your Family Tree DNA test examined 12 specific locations on your Y chromosome. More genetic markers allow us to determine your TMCRA with tighter accuracy and greater specificity as found in the Table on page 2. A greater number of Loci do not increase the chance that you are related to someone. Scientists will tell you that if we go back far enough we are all related however the greater number of markers dramatically reduces your projected TMRCA with another person ... the essence of most genealogical pursuits.

Our newest feature is our database of Recent Ethnic Origins. This is a collaborative project between Family Tree DNA and the University of Arizona. The REO database, accessible from our web sites main page requires a sample code (listed on your certificate), and a privacy code that was emailed to you in the last few days-also at the bottom of this page. If you have misplaced your privacy code you may email info a to obtain your personal code. This code should not be shared with others, and the code will allow you to order additional tests, or refinements, under your name and using your DNA, from our web site.

We have plans to continue to offer new innovative ways to trace your families' anthro-genealogy in the future so it would be prudent to return to the web site from time to time to see what new and innovative opportunities exist for you. While there remember to search for your surname in our Surnames Database Library to see how the Library continues to grow.

It has been a pleasure to serve you. If you have questions please visit our web site at: and read our ever-expanding FAQ or inquire via email to
Your Privacy Code: 1J t ` 1 10
Family Tree DNA - Genealogy by Genetics, Ltd.
1919 North Loop West, Suite 110
Houston, Texas 77008, USA
Phone: (713) 828-4200
Fax: (713) 868-4584

Dear Brown Researchers and Descendants:

As early members of the Brown DNA Study are aware, our project was started just short of two years ago by Byron Brown.
Byron's friends and acquaintances may be interested in the following personal update from him:

In a message dated 7/17/03 11:14:48 AM Eastern Daylight Time, (Byron Brown) writes:
The Lord must have been telling me to hand over the reins for the Brown DNA study to Randall last year. Since then my wife has had a full hip replacement at age 75. She is doing fine, just slow to get back to her old self. This put a great deal of stress on me as well took most all my time.

This past week I discovered that my heart was fluttering, so had to have a procedure to bring it back in sync. This was on Friday of last week. On Monday, I had heart catheterization which showed some plaque deposits but not enough for surgery, thank goodness. So now I am on pills instead. I feel good & expect to live many more years (76 now).

In addition to starting the Brown project I also started one on Baker earlier, which is just a little larger than the Brown one now. I was able to pass this work on to a Baker last year, also. I still am GAP for Houston & Girdner studies, but they are relatively small, so that is OK.

I'm fully confident that all current project members and supporters will join me in sending our sincere best wishes to Byron and family, and I'm equally sure that we all extend our heartiest "Thanks!" to him for having the foresight to start our project.

Best regards,
Jim Brown (James Armistead Brown, Jr.)
Project Co-Administrator
Brown/Browne/Braun DNA Study

New Tartan

MARCH 4,2003

Major James L. Brown
Lynn, MA 01902

Dear Major Brown,
As the clan society President
, I thought that you might be interested in my current project. I am a lifetime Massachusetts resident proposing a tartan to become the official district tartan of our state. My tartan is named "Massachusetts - The Bay State." It has been registered with the Scottish Tartans Authority (#4543) and it can be seen on-line at the International Tartan Register. [The Tartans of Scotland web site is] This tartan is open to everyone, not just those of Celtic ancestry. Many U.S. states have their own state tartan, such as, California, Connecticut, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Maine and Colorado, etc. I came up with a color scheme that I thought would best represent the admirable qualities of Massachusetts.

A bill is weaving its way now through the Mass. Legislature to make this tartan the Official District tartan of Massachusetts and is being supported by Rep. Pat Walrath's office as well as Sen. Antonioni, Rep. Shirley Gomes, Rep. Ed Connolly and Rep. Travis. (House Bill #627 - will be going through the State Administration Committee, but I don't know the exact date yet.) The tartan is also being supported by the Massachusetts St. Andrew's Society.

If you like this tartan and are willing to endorse my efforts to make it the Official District Tartan of Massachusetts, please pass this information on to your fellow Massachusetts-based clan members. It would be most helpful if you could encourage clan members to contact their respective state representative and ask them to support the upcoming bill. If you have any questions or comments please feel free to contact me. Sincerely,

John R. Austin
84 Burnham Rd. Bolton, MA 01740 (978) 779-6076
p.s. Perhaps we can have this done by Tartan Day!...

MASSACHUSETTS - The Bay State Tartan
Registered with The Scottish Tantans Authority And tie lnternational Tartans Register
Blues: The Atlantic Ocean and all the Reservoirs, Rivers and Ponds
Green: The Boston Hills, Worcester Hills and Berkshire Mountains Sand: The long beach line, from the North Shore to the South Shore; Cape Cod, the Islands and Buzzards Bay Red: The apple and cranberry harvests

DB?LB? DB? R? DB? R ? G? DB S? DB? G? DB? G?
8????4???? ?48? 4???10 ? 8?? 4?? 8 ?? 4? ? 22? 6?? 6??? 12

If there are any errors, please do not hesitate to email us with any corrections.

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